- After instances of Black Fungus, White Fungus & Green Fungus were reported in India, the country now has its first case of Green Fungus, also known as Aspergillosis.
- Aspergillosis, or green fungus, is an infection caused by a common mold (a type of fungus) that can be found both indoors and outdoors.
- Maintaining proper hygiene and oral and physical cleanliness can help prevent “green fungus.”
According to doctors, a “green fungus” infection was found in a Covid-19 survivor in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, potentially the first in the country. As per sources, the 34-year-old was flown to Mumbai’s Hinduja Hospital for treatment after recovering from Covid-19.
For the past month and a half, the man has been receiving treatment at Indore’s Aurobindo Hospital. “He has 90% infection in his lungs. Green fungus was found in his lungs during the diagnosis, which is distinct from Mucormycosis or Black Fungus. This could be the country’s first incidence of green fungus,” Apoorva Tiwari, district data manager of the Indore health department, was quoted as saying by ANI.
Case of “Green Fungus”
The man was tested on suspicion of contracting black fungus or mucormycosis, according to Dr Ravi Dosi, head of the department of chest diseases at Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical Sciences (SAIMS). In his sinuses, lungs, and blood, though, he was found to have “green fungus” or aspergillosis infection. “The patient made a full recovery. However, he began to experience nosebleeds and a high fever. The patient has also become quite frail as a result of his weight loss,” Dr. Dosi explained.
More research is needed, according to Dr. Dosi, to see if the nature of “green fungus” infection in those who have recovered from Covid-19 differs from that of other patients. The director of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Randeep Guleria, has stated that people should not categorise fungal illnesses based on their colour, but rather by their medical names.
Aspergillosis is an infection caused by the common mould Aspergillus, which can be found both indoors and out. Aspergillosis is caused by inhaling tiny Aspergillus spores from the environment. Most people can inhale Apergillus spores without becoming ill, but those with compromised immune systems or lung illnesses are at a higher risk of developing health problems.
Allergic reactions, lung infections, and infections in other organs are among the health concerns caused by Apergillus, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Aspergillosis, on the other hand, is not contagious and cannot be passed from the lungs between people or between people and animals.
Who can get “green fungus” infection?
Different kinds of aspergillosis impact different groups of people, according to the US health agency.
People with cystic fibrosis or asthma are more likely to develop allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). People with other lung diseases, such as tuberculosis, are more likely to develop aspergillomas. Also known as a “fungus ball.” People with other lung diseases, such as tuberculosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or sarcoidosis, are more likely to develop chronic pulmonary aspergillosis.
People with weakened immune systems, such as those who have undergone a stem cell or organ transplant, or undergoing cancer chemotherapy, or are taking high doses of corticosteroids, are vulnerable to invasive aspergillosis. Among hospitalised patients with severe influenza, invasive aspergillosis has been described.
According to the CDC, different forms of aspergillosis can cause distinct symptoms. Wheezing, shortness of breath, cough, and fever are all signs of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), which are similar to asthma symptoms (in rare cases).
Stuffiness, a runny nose, a headache, and a loss of smell are all symptoms of allergic Aspergillus sinusitis. Cough, blood cough, and shortness of breath are all symptoms of an aspergilloma, or “fungus ball.” People with chronic pulmonary aspergillosis experience weight loss, coughing up blood, tiredness, and shortness of breath.
Fever is a common sign of invasive aspergillosis, which typically affects people who are already sick from other illnesses. It’s not always easy to tell which symptoms are caused by an Apergillus infection. The symptoms of invasive aspergillosis in the lungs, on the other hand, include fever, chest pain, coughing up blood, and shortness of breath. If the infection spreads from the lungs to other areas of the body, other symptoms may occur, according to the CDC.
Doctors suggest rare fungal infections can be prevented by keeping adequate hygiene and oral and physical cleanliness. People should avoid places with a lot of dust and contaminated water that has been kept. If they can’t avoid it, they should put on a N95 respirator to protect themselves. It’s also a good idea to avoid activities that need close contact with soil or dust. People should wash their faces and hands with soap and water as often as possible, especially if they have been exposed to dirt or dust.